Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple - download pdf or read online

By Jean Starobinski

Pourquoi dans l. a. vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une scenario intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison l. a. psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, los angeles catégorie des affections réactionnelles ? Pourquoi le inspiration d’abréaction fut-il inventé puis abandonné par los angeles première psychanalyse ? Que veut-on faire entendre, quand on déclare qu’une politique est réactionnaire ? Dire que le totalitarisme nazi fut une réaction au totalitarisme communiste, n’est-ce pas l’excuser ? Le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés offrent leurs providers pour l’explication causale comme pour los angeles compréhension par sympathie. Ils nous viennent à l’esprit quand nous cherchons des réponses à nos problèmes. Or ces mots, précisément, ne font-ils pas problème ?C’est l’occasion pour, Jean Starobinski, d’examiner les filières intellectuelles à travers lesquelles le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés nous sont parvenus. Ce livre remonte au rôle que leur attribua los angeles scolastique, mais aboutit aux interrogations qui entourent aujourd’hui los angeles idea de progrès, sans laquelle l. a. réaction politique ne peut être pensée. Il convoque aussi bien les philosophes (Aristote, Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Jaspers), que les savants (Newton, Bichat, Claude, Bernard, Bernheim, Freud) et les écrivains (Diderot, Benjamin consistent, Balzac, Poe, Valéry).

L’ouvrage est une traversée originale de los angeles tradition occidentale : il éclaire successivement les fondements de l. a. technological know-how et l. a. protestation des poètes, parcourant ainsi les chemins qui conduisent à nos perplexités présentes.

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Additional resources for Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple

Example text

C O R R E S P O N D E N C E BETW EE N GIDE AND CLAU D EL 35 alm o st van ish ed . In stead o f look in g for m etap h y sical argum ents in order to justify him self, G id e h as b een careful to co m m en t on his life in th e language o f h o n e st gen tlem en , acco rd in g to classic al reason , rem ain in g faithful to the p rin cip le o f co n trad ictio n . It is thus in the n am e o f the sam e good sen se— w h ich su ggests to C la u d e l’s reason ab d icatio n before faith — that G id e will sm ell in h im the w orst so rt o f d esp otism th a t the sp irit can suffer.

O n the o th e r h an d, acc o rd in g to G id e th e D ev il is an agen t o f redoubling. T h is is well know n to G id e th an k s to the O th e r h a v in g borrow ed, in its n o n e x isten ce, th e ex iste n c e o f a C la u d e l, o f a C h a rle s Du Bos; the m ore ruptures there are w ith th em , the m ore ruptures there are w ith ev ery th in g th at, in h im , p reven ted him from fin d in g him self. lish the vanish ed structures of pedagogical pederasty in the relation s o f the m aster and the disciple.

T h ere is certainly som eth in g sin ister about this affair; at least this is how it appears in the relation s betw een Du B os and G id e , but it only appears so— p er­ haps it was sinister for Du Bos. T o ju dge by the disagreeable rem arks m ade by G id e in petto, this affair was only a com edy for G id e , or (if on e takes accou n t o f the illness that, during this period, befell both G id e and Du Bos in the course o f the elaboration o f the Dialogue) som e labored im broglio th at he turned into com edy.

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