By Aeschylus, Herbert Weir Smyth, H. Lloyd-Jones
Aeschylus (ca. 525–456 BCE), writer of the 1st tragedies current in eu literature, was once an Athenian born at Eleusis. He served at Marathon opposed to Darius in 490, and back in the course of Xerxes' invasion, 480–479. among 478 and 467 he visited Sicily, there composing by means of request Women of Aetna. At Athens he competed in construction of performs greater than twenty occasions, and was once rewarded on not less than 13 events, changing into dominant among 500 and 458 throughout the splendour of his language and his dramatic conceptions and technique.
Of his overall of 80–90 performs seven live to tell the tale entire. The Persians (472), the one surviving Greek historic drama, offers the failure of Xerxes to overcome Greece. Seven opposed to Thebes (467) used to be the second one play of its trilogy of similar performs at the evil destiny of the Theban condo. Polyneices attempts to regain Thebes from his brother Eteocles; either are killed. In Suppliant Maidens, the 1st in a trilogy, the daughters of Danaus arrive with him at Argos, whose King and other people retailer them from the wooing of the sons in their uncle Aegyptus. In Prometheus Bound, first or moment play of its trilogy approximately Prometheus, he's nailed to a crag, by way of order of Zeus, for stealing fireplace from heaven for males. Defiant after viewers' sympathy and regardless of recommendation, he descends in lightning and thunder to Hell. The Oresteia (458), at the residence of Atreus, is the single Greek trilogy surviving entire. In Agamemnon, the King returns from Troy, and is murdered by way of his spouse Clytaemnestra. In Libation-Bearers, Orestes together with his sister avenges their father Agamemnon's dying by way of counter-murder. In Eumenides, Orestes, burdened through avenging Furies, is arraigned via them at Athens for matricide. attempted by means of a court docket organize through Athena, he's absolved, however the Furies are pacified.
We post in quantity I 4 performs; and in quantity II the Oresteia and a few fragments of misplaced plays.
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Additional info for Aeschylus, II: Agamemnon, Libation-Bearers, Eumenides, Fragments (Loeb Classical Library #146)
Enter Clytaemestrd] as for what shall follow, may the issue be happy, even as is the wish of our sole guardian here, the bulwark of the Apian land, who standeth nearest to our lord. I am come, Clytaemestra, in obedience to thy for it is meet to do homage to the royal authority consort of a sovereign prince when her lord's throne Now whether the tidings thou hast is tenantless. heard be good or ill, and thou dost make sacrifice with hopes that herald gladness, I fain would hear yet, if thou wouldst keep silence, I make no comthe price of suffering.
FN. Sc-aligcr. Herm. — AGAMEMNON but as each man hath drawn his lot of chance. And even now they are quartered in the captured Trojan homes, dehvered from the frosts and dew of the naked sky, and hke happy men will sleep all the night unsentinelled. Now if they keep them clear of guilt towards the gods of the town those of the conquered land and towards their shrines, the captors shall not be — made Only may no mad captives in their turn. impulse first assail the soldiery, overmastered by greed, to ravish what they should not For to win safe passage home they needs must travel back the other length of their double course.
I hold it fitting that our misfortunes bid us a long farewell. " Whoso hears the story of these deeds must needs extol the city and the leaders of her host and the grace of Zeus that brought them to accomplishment ; shall receive its due meed of gratitude. My tale is told. Chorus Thy words have proved me wrong. I deny it the aged have ever youth to learn aright. But these tidings should most have interest for the household and Clytaemestra, and at the same time not ;^-fer enrich me.