New PDF release: AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in

By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie

AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 a long time after the illness used to be first famous, the once a year dying toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of hundreds of thousands of bucks of relief and learn, there has formerly been little special on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this ebook brings jointly contemporary facts of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the function of girls in affected families, and at the scenario of youngsters. The ebook is exclusive in proposing micro-level details accrued through unique empirical learn in more than a few African nations, and displaying how well-grounded conclusions on traits, affects and native responses should be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive rules and programmes. AIDS affects are extra various than we formerly idea, and native responses extra diversified - occasionally cutting edge, occasionally determined. The ebook represents an enormous contribution to our knowing of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those may be controlled at assorted degrees.

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Extra resources for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa

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18 A I D S and R ural L ivelihoods the same head, 5 were under a different head and nine had dissolved. 3 The majority of the 26 households had not experienced a marked change (a noticeable loss or acquisition of assets and income) in their socioeconomic status. However, of 8 affected by HIV infection within their households, 4 had experienced some loss of assets or land resulting in a deterioration in their socioeconomic status, or these households had dissolved altogether. It was not only factors within these household units that affected the socio-economic status.

Whenever either of the orphans is ready to occupy it, he or she will find the farm in fair condition. The case study just presented illustrates one frequent outcome for a household when both parents die leaving behind young children. The most telling aspects of this case are, first, the determined intervention of the extended family members to re-capitalize and stabilize the business of the children’s uncle to whom they are most dependent. Without this intervention, it is likely that the orphans would have been once again relocated to one or more households within the extended family.

2). Children of HIV-positive households were more likely to leave to find work (20 per cent compared to 14 per cent from HIV-negative households), but the differences 4 Fostering of children is widely practised in many parts of Africa. Biological parents may send children to live with other people, often family members, for long periods of time for many different reasons: to strengthen family ties, redistribute child labour, adjust household size because of shortages/surpluses, and schooling (Serra, 2009).

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