American Folklore: An Encyclopedia - download pdf or read online

By Linda S Watts

Comprises over 500 articles Ranging over foodways and folksongs, quiltmaking and desktop lore, Pecos invoice, Butch Cassidy, and Elvis sightings, greater than 500 articles highlight folks literature, tune, and crafts; activities and vacation trips; tall stories and mythical figures; genres and kinds; scholarly ways and theories; areas and ethnic teams; performers and creditors; writers and students; non secular ideals and practices. The alphabetically prepared entries differ from concise definitions to specified surveys, every one observed by means of a quick, updated bibliography. precise positive factors *More than 2000 individuals *Over 500 articles highlight folks literature, track, crafts, and extra *Alphabetically prepared *Entries followed via up to date bibliographies *Edited through America's best-known folklore authority

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Academic legends (stories told as true, but not by someone who was an eyewitness) recall prudish deans of the 1950s who prohibited red dresses and patent leather shoes (responding to overzealous interpretations of in loco parentis), obscene or crazy comments by professors in their classes, epic pranks (like the dead horse in the fraternity cellar), and spectacular feats of cheating on final examinations. Professorial arrogance is parodied in the legend of the lecturer who notices most of his students using tape recorders so they won’t have to take notes; he responds by sending a graduate assistant to play tapes to them so he will not have to lecture.

As phenomenological perspectives gained ground in the social sciences, folklorists began to attend more carefully to contexts for performance and collection, and gerontologists, shelving the quest for predictable patterns, began to explore how the elderly construct and interpret their own experience. A mutually engaging domain for folklorists and gerontologists has been opened up by questions about how societies constitute the life cycle through culture, how and why intergenerational communication is staged, and what kinds of culture elders create around the experience of growing old.

Out of tradition, history, personal experience and social relationships, communities fashion rites of passage to signal or precipitate transitions from one stage of life to another: the christening or bris (circumcision rite), the bar mitzvah or confirmation, the graduation, the driver’s license, the wedding, the divorce, the baby shower, the retirement banquet, the funeral and associated rituals. Displaying knowledge about nature and society, such rites socially redefine the person passing from preschool to school age, childhood to adolescence, single to married state (and vice versa), career to retirement, life to death.

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